View from Hotel Monica

Gustav Mahler

Gustav Mahler was born in Kalist (Bohemia) on July 7, 1860 in Iglau (Moravia). At 15 he enrolled in the Vienna conservatory, where he studied piano and composition, received a number of awards, and completed his studies in 1878.

From 1880 he was a conductor and "Kapellmeister" in Hall, Ljubljana, Olmütz, Kassel, Prague, and Leipzig and in 1888 he became the manager of the Royal Opera Theatre in Budapest.

From 1891 he was chief conductor in Hamburg.

In 1897 he was summoned to the Imperial Royal Opera Theatre of Vienna and soon became its manager.

His ten-year governance (until 1907) is seen as the most brilliant time in the glorious history of this theatre.

After he resigned, he was engaged as a guest conductor at the New York Metropolitan Opera House (for two seasons) and later became the manager of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.

In 1911, as he fell seriously ill during the concert season, he expressed the wish to be brought to Vienna, where he died on May 18.

Due to his  uninterrupted activity as a conductor, Mahler could only compose during his holiday months. He conceived his greatest works on the “Attersee”, on the “Wörthersee” and, from 1908, in Dobbiaco.

WORKS:

Symphonies I - IX
X Symphony (fragment)
"Das klagende Lied"
"Das Lied von der Erde"
“Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
Songs from "Des Knaben Wunderhorn"
"Kindertotenlieder"
"Rückert-Lieder"